Representatives of Fertilizar Civil Association informed that the
fertilizers consume in argentina agriculture would reach a record in
the current year. The same would be located between 3.8 and 3.8 million
tons considering the total use of these inputs doe by agriculture,
livestock and also de sugar cane production. With this volume range
consumed for 2017, the interannual raise would be of 6%, what
constitute in an excellent notice for de Argentinian country.
If we analyzed the data of the last three decades of Fertilizar, we can
see that in 1990 the fertilizers consume in Argentina was of 300.000
annual tons. With the consumption of 3.6 for 2016, Argentina would have
multiplied by 12 the use of these inputs during de last 27 y years. By
the way a quite relevant figure. Observing what happened during the 20
years (comparing 1997 with 2016) the consumption multiplied by 2,5.
In the year 2015 Argentina registered a serious setback in the use of
this inputs, falling the consumption to 2.4 million tn. The decision
adopted by the current National Government, related to the Exchange
market normalization, the removal of the export duty over almost all
the grains and its derivatives (with the exception for the soybean
complex) y the major fluency for the exports operations, generated a
relevant increase in the seeded area (mainly wheat and corn) and a
major fertilizers used. This resulted in an important recovery to reach
to 3.6 million ton in 2016.
This positive trend in the consumption growth would be consolidated
this year also. When the first quarter data of 2017 are analyzed
comparing with the same period in 2016, we can see that the fertilizers
consumption during the first quarter of this year was 010% higher than
the same period in 2016 (table 2). The nitrogen fertilizers registered
an important raise of 12%, while the phosphatic fertilizers a 2%.
We have to point out that some important aspects of this sector and the
consumption of fertilizers in Argentina:
a) The fertilizers demand in our country is concentrated in the main
grains and oilseeds the fertilizers in our country. 70% of the used is
distributed among the three crops with more sowed area: soybean, corn
and wheat. The percentage soybean, corn and wheat. The percentage share
are very similar to the three crops, whith values in the orther of 20%
b) The fertilizers consumption per seeded ha is bigger in wheat and
corn. The high involvement of the soybean crop responds to the big
seeded area with the oilseed –almost 20 million ha, that doubles the
aggregate surface of corn and wheat.
c) In 2016, the total consumption of fertilizers was 3.6 million tn,
51% obeyed to nitrogen fertilizers (1,8 million ton), 41% to phosphatic
fertilizers (1,5 millions), 4% were the sulphur (133 million ton tn),
2% potasicc (61 million ton) and y the 2% the rest of this inputs.
d) According de Ministerio de Agroindustria de la Nación, in Argentina
the offer of nitrogenous fertilizers is covered mainly by the local
production, meanwhile the higher share of the phosphate is acquire
abroad, as we can see in table 2.