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 News

22/11/2017 0:00 - Agricultural Commodities Market
JULIO CALZADA
Gran Rosario is the delivery area for Argentina corn

The information on corn domestic sales shows the importance of the Gran Rosario as a grain destination area. The area was the main destination of the 2015/2016 marketing year corn, receiving 14.2 million tons, that is to say the 50% of the marketed corn, and declared in the official system. On the other hand, in 2016 Argentina shipped about 23.5 million tons of corn abroad, of which 82% was dispatched from the Gran Rosario (some 19.3 million tons). All figures are highlighting the importance of this export port node.

The information of the zones of origin and destination of the corn domestic sales shows the importance of the Gran Rosario in the capture of corn, oriented mainly to export. It was the main point of destination for maize in the 2015/2016 marketing year in Argentina, with 14.2 million tons or 50% of the marketed corn.

The importance of the Gran Rosario area as a destination for corn is confirmed by the information of export shipments of grains from the Argentine port terminals in 2016, provided by the Ministry of Agribusiness. Argentina shipped abroad next to 23.5 million tons of corn in 2016, of which 82% (19.3 Mt) was delivered from the port terminals of the Gran Rosario. The terminals located in the north of the Gran Rosario (San Lorenzo, Puerto San Martín and Timbúes) dispatched 12.6 Mt and those located in the south about 6.6 Mt

 

In this note we have evaluated the data of the 2015/2016 marketing year corn, analyzing the areas of origin and destination in the domestic sales operations. There are several conclusions to be obtained from the figures (Table N ° 1):

• In the 2015/2016 marketing year, there were corn sales for 28.7 million tons.

• Regarding the areas of origin of corn, the Región Pampeana was the main one. It holds the first place with 25.1 million tons of corn, which represents 87% of the registered sales. The second place is for the Northwest, with 2.6 million tons.

• At the destination level, 50% of the corn sales were registered to be delivered to the port terminals in the North and South of the Gran Rosario, approximately 14.2 million tons. Of that total, 12.5 million tons arrived from the Región Pampeana. The province of Santa Fe delivered about 6.2 million tons to the Gran Rosario, the province of Córdoba delivered about 4.4 million tons and the province of Buenos Aires delivered approximately 1.3 million tons. The Gran Rosario received 1.6 million tons from the northern provinces of Argentina (Chaco, Santiago del Estero, Tucumán and Salta), and all of the corn was delivered to be exported via the port terminals of the Gran Rosario.

• 8% (2.3 million tons) of the corn was delivered to the Bahía Blanca port terminals. This grain came from two provinces, La Pampa and Buenos Aires. 1.6 million tons arrived from the province of Buenos Aires and another 600 thousand tons from La Pampa. This information shows the decision to minimize transportation costs, by delivering the corn to the nearest export port node, which is Bahía Blanca.

• The port node of Quequén received about 918,000 tons of corn. Almost all of this corn came from farms located in the province of Buenos Aires.

• 5% (1.4 million tons) of the corn sold was delivered to zone N ° 8 located in the east of the province of Córdoba. Most of the cereal comes from the province of Córdoba itself (almost 1 million tons), while Santa corn Fe has contributed to zone No. 8 for about 256 thousand tons.

• Another 5% (1.3 million tons) of the corn sales was destined for zone No. 9, located in the south of the province of Córdoba, more precisely in area of Río Cuarto. Most of them is corn from Córdoba.

• Nearly 1,308,000 tons of corn was destined to area No. 7 in the Northwest of the province of Buenos Aires. Almost 1 million tons came from Buenos Aires farms and another 209 thousand tons from the province of La Pampa.

• Area N° 6, zone influenced by the cities of Junín and Pergamino, received 1.1 million tons of corn. Almost 929 thousand tons came from Buenos Aires farms.

The information of origin and destination shows the importance of the Gran Rosario as an attraction area for corn that is destined to exports. The importance of the Gran Rosario as a destination for corn is confirmed by the information provided by the Ministry of Agribusiness about export shipments of grains, flours and oils from the Argentine port terminals in 2016 (see table N ° 2). In that year, 23.5 million tons of corn was shipped abroad. 82% of that grain (19.3 million tons) was exported from the port terminals of the Gran Rosario. The terminals located in the north of the Gran Rosario (San Lorenzo, Puerto San Martín and Timbúes) shipped about 12.6 million tons and those of the south about 6.6 million tons.

Nevertheless, the data also highlights the many corn industries or corn user facilities (dairy and poultry farms, cattle ranches, etc.) located in the main producer provinces (Córdoba, Buenos Aires, Santa Fe and Entre Ríos), buying the corn locally. There is high tonnage of corn that is consumed in the central zone of the country, composed by the four provinces mentioned in the previous sentence, plus in the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires. The latter is due to the fact that most of the plants that demand corn as an input have their headquarters in the Buenos Aires City. As an example, there are the following cases:

• The corn-based bioethanol industry in Argentina is composed by six companies with a joint annual theoretical production capacity of 517,500 cubic meters of ethanol. Only two of these firms are located outside the central area of the country: Vicentín, in Avellaneda (province of Santa Fe), and Diaser, in the province of San Luis. The remaining four plants are located in the province of Córdoba.

• In Argentina there are 26 plants that are dedicated to the dry milling of corn, obtaining products such as corn flour (polenta), semolina and degerminated pieces for corn flakes or brewing, puffed corn and split corn. Their customers are companies that manufacture cereals for breakfast, snacks or expanded products, soups, breweries, etc. 21 out of the 26 plants are distributed among the provinces of Buenos Aires, Córdoba and Santa Fe.

• Regarding wet milling, 6 plants are actively operating in Argentina. These factories have an industrial capacity of 1.4 million tons of corn per year. Wet millers of corn produce ingredients for the food industry and the feeding industry, and inputs for the pharmaceutical sector. They make -among other products- corn oil, caloric sweeteners, starches, byproducts such as "gluten meal" and "gluten feed", high fructose corn syrups, caramel coloring, maltose syrup, glucose syrup, dextrose and syrups mixture. Many by-products are used as fodder and / or supplementation in animal nutrition. 5 out of the 6 wet milling plants are located in the central zone of the country.

• In Argentina, there are 300 poultry breeding farms and 5,300 broiler farms. 50% of the national production of poultry meat is originated in the province of Entre Ríos, 34% in the province of Buenos Aires and the third and fourth place is occupied by the provinces of Córdoba and Santa Fe with 4.7% and 4.6%, respectively. This agro industrial sector consumes approximately 3.5 million tons of corn per year. The great majority of breeding and fattening farms is concentrated in the provinces of Entre Ríos, Buenos Aires, Córdoba and Santa Fe.

• According to the 2010 National Population Census, Argentina total population amounted to 40.1 million inhabitants. 65% of the population resides in the provinces of Buenos Aires, Córdoba, Santa Fe, Entre Ríos and the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires. Food consumption is mainly located in these jurisdictions.

 

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