In 2017, about 623,000 trucks delivered corn to the port terminals
located between Arroyo Seco and Timbúes, in what is known as the region
of Up River del Paraná. This is the the largest volume in at least
fifteen years on record. In total, 1.9 million tons of different grains
arrived by truck to this region. In this total, the share of wheat
cargoes increased while the soybeans decreased.
About 623,000 trucks entered the port terminals located between Arroyo Seco
and Timbúes carrying corn. This amount of trucks arriving the region known
as the Up River zone of the Paraná is the largest volume in at least
fifteen years on record.
Approximately 311,600 trucks entered the plants before 07:00 am for each
day. We assume that throughout the year, the registration of truck entries
before 7:00 am amounts to 50% of the daily total on average. Each of these
trucks carries an average of 28 tons. As a result, 623,000 trucks would
have transported about 17 million tons of corn to the Gran Rosario. The
corn trucks would came from different points of the country in order to be
exported through the ports located at the side of the Paraná River.
Corn represented 33 % of the total truck deliveries to the Gran Rosario hub
in 2017. This value represents the largest share in at least fifteen years
on record. On the other hand, 252,000 trucks arrived to the region carrying
wheat in 2017, maintaining the good performance of the previous years while
in 2016 this value was 245,000. In this way, in 2017, more than 7 million
tons of wheat would arrived to the Gran Rosario hub.
Displaying minor results, about 968,000 trucks arrived to the Gran Rosario
hub in 2017. Therefore, it could have arrived about 27 million tons of
soybeans. This resulted in a lesser amount than 2016 when would have
arrived about 1,185,000 units.
The reduction in the soybeans deliveries is explained by a structural
change. Since the elimination of export duties and restrictions on exports
in December 2015 for wheat and corn, there has been an increase in the
national planted area with wheat, corn and sunflower while a slight drop in
soybeans occurred. The area planted with wheat increased in almost 1
million hectares, the corn increased in 1.2 million hectares and sunflower
planted area increased to 300 thousand. This is the main reason for the
greater number of trucks with corn and wheat at the Gran Rosario hub. We
also add that this aspect is positive because it favors the environmental
sustainability of the extensive agriculture of our country by allowing a
greater rotation of the fields with cereals, a lower relative use of
oilseeds and better control of weeds and diseases.
If you compare the income of 1.9 million trucks in 2017 with the records of
the previous year, there is a 10% drop in the total grain arrived, although
it is still 7% above the average of the three previous years.
In the last three years, the grain's share over the total increased over
the share of the soybeans. In 2015, 1.7 million trucks arrived to the Gran
Rosario hub. From this total, 62 percent were carrying soybeans while only
6 % were carrying wheat and 28 percent arrived loading corn. In comparison,
in 2017 soybean trucks share were 51 percent of the total, 33 percent were
corn truck and 13 percent accounted for wheat loading trucks.
In 2017, 79.5 percent of the trucks arrived to the North of Gran Rosario
while the rest arrived at the South. The Northern part comprehends the zone
between Timbués and the city of Rosario while the South comprehends the
zone between Rosario and Arroyo Seco. Within the cities of the Gran Rosario
hub, around 30 percent of the total trucks arrived to Puerto General San
Martin City, 26 percent to San Lorenzo-Ricardone Cities and 23 percent
arrived to Timbúes, as can be seen at the chart below.